People aged 65 or older made up more than one in five (20.8%) of the EU’s population last year – an increase of three percentage points over the previous ten years, according to Eurostat. Consistently low birth rates and higher life expectancy are “transforming the shape of the EU’s age pyramid”, it says. Italy has the highest share of over 65s (23.5%) followed by Finland (22.7%) Greece (22.5%) and Portugal (22.4%). Luxembourg (14.6%) and Ireland (14.8%) have the lowest.

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